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Fungicidal Effects of Zoloft

Fungicidal Effects of Zoloft

If you’re on the prescription drug Zoloft, it’s a good thing you’re not a fungus! Scientists experimenting with the effects of the best-selling anti depressant have discovered that the well—known pharmaceutical has a major toxic effect on yeast cells. It distorts their normally curved membranes and triggers the cell to start eating themselves. According to pharmacologist Ethan Pearlstein of Princeton University, yeast doesn’t have any serotonin, so there’s no reason to expect any effect, let alone such a bizarre suicidal one. According to Pearlstein, a molecule of Zoloft “…should be completely innocuous to a yeast cell, the way an antibiotic would be innocuous to a viral infection”.

ZoloftWhat exactly the clinical implication are, of this self destructive response to Zoloft, for patients taking the drug, remains to be seen, but the unexpected findings has pharmacologists salivating at the prospect of new targets for the next generation of anti-depressants. In the words of author Pearlstein: “Altogether, our work suggests that the serotonin-based theory might be an oversimplification and that the cause of depression is not a closed story.” The question of whether or not this toxic effect on yeast can make Zoloft an effective anti-fungal agent has not yet been addressed, but it may be something that pharmaceutical companies will be looking into for future research. In a paper published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, doctors describe the fungicidal effects of Zoloft on three patients being treated for depression with concomitant vaginal yeast infections. Apparently all three patients experienced improvements in symptoms associated with their fungal infections while taking the anti-depressant medication. The researchers concluded: “The potential offered by sertraline (Zoloft) against fungi is sufficiently great to merit further studies by investigators in the field of infectious diseases…To support potential systemic use, animal models and clinical trials are highly warranted.”

About the author

Ben Fuchs I'm Ben Fuchs, a nutritional pharmacist from Boulder CO. I specialize in using nutritional supplements where other healthcare practitioners use toxic pharmaceutical drugs. I look at the human body as a healing & regenerating system, designed divinely to heal & renew itself on a moment to moment basis. "Take charge of your biochemistry through foods and supplements, rather than allow toxic prescription drugs to take charge of you."

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1 comment to Fungicidal Effects of Zoloft

  • It’s almost laughable to me that any professional pharmacologist could begin to believe that “the serotonin-based theory” is NOT a COMPLETE oversimplification and a the pharmacology of depression is not still completely wide open.

    In my mind it’s actually rather clear that the conventional wisdom of “more serotonin signaling = more happy” holds less and less water as more research is done. Some 15 years ago now there was a nice paper by Duman et al, “A Molecular and Cellular Theory of Depression” that outlined what’s going on with SSRIs and other anti-depressant drugs like tricyclics essentially showing: Chronic high Cortisol (and/or other glucocorticoids)can atrophy certain brain regions associated with depression such as the hippocampus. Increased NE and 5HT signaling up-regulate expression of neurotrophic factors like BDNF, a protein that acts as an agonist at tyrosine kinase (specifically TrkB) receptors, lowering glucocorticoid levels, promoting neuroplasticity, and inducing hippocampal neurogenesis. Here’s a nice summary picture from their paper:
    http://brightsidebiology.com/?attachment_id=1486

    Later it was discovered that another serotonin/melatonin metabolite/precursor stimulates TrkB directly as well:
    http://www.pnas.org/content/107/8/3876.long

    About 5 years ago, more mainstream press seems to be taking note:
    http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=brain-pathway-may-underlie-depression

    Another molecular road-less-traveled but highly relevant piece of evidence is the fact that Selective Serotonin Reuptake ENHANCERs (SSRE’s: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_serotonin_reuptake_enhancer) seem to have anti-depressant effects, while doing the exact opposite of SSRIs with regard to serotonin directly! Turns out that Tianeptine is an AMPA receptor stimulator, which increase BDNF signaling. A new class of drugs being investigated as nootropics, stimulants, anxiolytics (and, interestingly probably to you and I at least ;), respiratory depression amelioration drugs) are the AMPAkines: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ampakine

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