The Indus Valley Civilization, which spanned the Indian Subcontinent from 3300 to 1300 BC, was able to flourish due to cotton cultivation, which provided the people of this culture with readily available sources of clothing and other textiles. Can be either cotton or a cotton-synthetic mix. While cotton cultivation was widespread in both Arabia and Iran, this textile plant didn’t make its way to Europe in full force until the late Middle Ages. Cotton in India became popular during the Indus Valley Civilization. Seedlings emerge within approximately seven days, and mature cotton bolls appear within 55 to 80 days. In most cases, automated machines plant cotton seeds in 10 or more rows simultaneously. noun a soft, white, downy substance consisting of the hairs or fibers attached to the seeds of plants belonging to the genus Gossypium, of the mallow family, used in making fabrics, thread, wadding, etc. Since this type of textile is a natural fiber, it is biodegradable, and it doesn’t fill up waterways or contribute to other forms of pollution. Machines can harvest cotton bolls from agricultural fields, and other machines can then separate the seeds from the bolls. While cotton is more durable than silk, it is less durable than wool, and this fabric is relatively prone to pilling, rips, and tears. Certain kinds of cotton, such as Supima cotton, are only available in organic forms. For instance, forms of extra-long-staple cotton are significantly more expensive than traditional short-staple cotton. Pima cotton is an ultra-soft fabric that incorporates long cotton fibers. Cotton fabrics can be extremely durable and resistant to abrasion. For comparison, China produced 5,987,000 metric tons of cotton fiber during this same period. Boris Hodakel is the founder and CEO of Sewport - an online marketplace connecting brands and manufacturers, former founder of various clothing manufacturing services. 1. In the vast majority of instances, cotton cultivation is an exploitative practice in which international corporations take advantage of poor, uneducated people in third-world countries to produce these fibers. A common question asked by consumers, often when shopping for clothing or linen, is the … Cotton is mainly used in the textile industry. Also known as Levant cotton, this type of fiber is native to Africa and Arabia, and it contributes less than 2 percent to global cotton cultivation. Cotton fabric is one of the most commonly used types of fabrics in the world. There are four distinct species of cotton that are used to make cotton fabric. Extra-long staple (ELS) cotton is any type of cotton that consists of fibers that are longer than 1.25 inches. This textile is chemically organic, which means that it does not contain any synthetic compounds. In sheer numbers, cotton is the most widely used textile fiber in the world, and manufacturers can spin this fabric into a myriad of different types of products. While these three nations produce the vast majority of the world’s cotton, other nations, such as Brazil, Pakistan, and Australia consistently produce more than 1 million metric tons of this fiber per year. 75 percent of the world’s clothing products, practices that manufacturers use to make cotton may be harmful to the environment, European Union’s organic standards organization, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), What is eVent Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Gore-Tex Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Jacquard Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Lame Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Leather Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Merino Wool Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Microfibre Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is NeoShell Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Organdy Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is OutDry Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Polartec Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Velour Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Soy Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Tweed Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Batiste Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Brocade Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Canvas Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Charmeuse Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, What is Felt Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where, A Simple Guide to Working With Clothing Manufacturers (Bonus Tips), Cost of Starting a Clothing Line (2019 Industry Research), Fashion Designer - Is a Fashion Degree Worth It? 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