viii + 320 pp.. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20093330163. - a newly naturalized plant of mainland of China. Pancho HL, Herberger JV, Plucknett JP, Donald L, 1979. A. dubius is a subsistence vegetable and a collected pot herb, seldom found in markets, but in Kenya and recently in Benin it is grown on a commercial scale and sold in city markets. Its preferred soils are fertile, well-drained and with a loose structure (Grubben, 2004). The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Nuytsia. Vegetables., In: Plant resources of tropical Africa 2. Mosyakin and Robertson (1999) proposed the new nothosection Dubia Mosyakin & K. R. Robertson (subgenus Amaranthus section Amaranthus) to house A. dubius, which is a morphologically deviant allopolyploid taxon very closely related to both A. spinosus L. (Sect. Decline of indigenous crop diversity in colonial and post-colonial Rwanda (in press). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Biology, life-strategy and invasiveness of Amaranthus retroflexus L. (Amaranthaceae) in central Italy: preliminary remarks. USDA-ARS, 2013. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. ex Thell. Origin of Amaranthus duibus. ex Thell. Production trends Amaranthus blitum is important in East Africa as a frequently collected wild plant and a popular vegetable in home gardens. A. dubius most probably originated as a result of ancient hybridization between A. spinosus and either A. hybridus or A. quitensis (Mosyakin and Robertson, 2004). Botanica Serbica, 34(2):137-145. http://botanicaserbica.bio.bg.ac.rs/arhiva/pdf/2010_34_2_521_full.pdf, Kehinde, T. O., Ajala, M. O., Daniel, I. O., Oyelakin, O. O., 2013. Montpellier : 203 (1912). Sogbohossou and Achigan-Dako (2014) distinguished two main groups of A. dubius accessions: (1) the dwarf types morphologically close to A. spinosus, which are early flowering, with low plant height (up to 1.2 m), small leaves and many branches and (2) the giant types which are late flowering, tall (up to 2 m), with broad leaves and few branches. Geographical distibution Comoros . Spermatophyta. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. Amaranthus dubius … University of Peradeniya & Smithsonian Institution. Online Database. May 2004. grows easily in the Caribbean and is widely used throughout the region interchangeably with spinach (Spinacia oleracea L) as a leafy green. Flora of the West Indies., USA: Smithsonian Institution. Amaranthaceae. Pancho HL, Herberger JV, Plucknett JP, Donald L, 1979. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. The species commonly found in Trinidad and Tobago is Amaranthus dubius (Mohoyodeen, 1995). Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach. Description Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). Description Top of page A. viridis is similar to other species of Amaranthus, having distinct leaf venation and long petioles. PROTA4U web database. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. Vaduz, Liechtenstein: J. Cramer. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation, unpaginated. GBIF data portal., Copenhagen, Denmark: Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). Amaranthus dubius. - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. A. dubius is an annual herb native to South America, Mexico and the West Indies. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Amaranthaceae. flexuosus y Amaranthus … A spiny relative of amaranth called uray (A. spinosus L.) is common in some regions in the Philippines. Grain amaranths vary in flower, leaf and stem colour, but maroon or crimson colouring is common in … Flora of the West Indies. Hill MJ, Vel TM, Holm KJ, Parr SJ, Shah NJ, 2002. Production trends Amaranthus blitum is important in East Africa as a frequently collected wild plant and a popular vegetable in home gardens. by Dassanayake, M. D. \Fosberg, F. R.]. Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: Wang QiuShi, Wang Yuan, Yan XiaoLing, Zeng XianFeng, Ma JinShuang, Li HongQing, 2015. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. Amaranthus albus L., A. blitoides S. Watson and A. blitum L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 83(4):1039-1066. ex Thell. McIntyre G, 1991. Singh, U. C., Sundararajan, S., Veeraragavathatham, D., 1985. Cousin Island. ex Thell. In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. Grant WF, 1959. Weeds of sugar cane in Mauritius: their description and control. Amaranthus dubius is a weedy plant widespread throughout the humid lowland tropics. Liogier H A, Martorell L F, 1982. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Content. Vegetables. - a newly naturalized plant of mainland of China. Description (After Townsend, 1985)An annual herbaceous plant. 23 (3), 284-288. http://jtsb.scib.ac.cn/jtsb_en/ch/index.aspx. On hybridization between Amaranthus dubius and A. spinosus in the vicinity of Ibadan, Nigeria. Amaranthus dubius is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). CABI. Flowering plants of Jamaica. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 391 pp. Further phytosociological studies are needed. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Newslett. y publicado en La flore adventice de Montpellier 203. Sukhorukov PA, 2011. Mo. (Bangalore), 34:370-371. because of its spines and because it is not much liked. As is typical of leafy greens, the postharvest life of … Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Amaranthus tricolor verschilt wezenlijk van de andere Amaranthus-soorten en kruist niet met de andere soorten (is vooralsnog mijn ervaring). Accepted name Brède malbar Plantae ... Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > Description. No detailed studies about the vegetation communities associated with A. dubius have been published. e10276. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Nutritional diversity of leafy amaranth species grown in Kenya., Journal of Applied Biosciences, 79:6818-6825 http://m.elewa.org/JABS/2014/79/4.pdf, Ng'ang'a, M. N., Muasya, R. M., Omami, E., Ohiokpehai, O., 2009. A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon. Pal M, Khoshoo TM, 1965. [3] It may be eaten raw in thoran or cooked in curry[4] and bhajis. PROTA (2014) noted that ‘it is almost impossible to make a distinction between A. dubius and A. spinosus based on morphological characters’ other than by the axillary spines in A. spinosus. Synopsis of the subgenus Amaranthus (Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae) in Venezuela. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Species description or overview Amaranthus dubius information from PIER Information on Amaranthus dubius as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by … A. dubius also grows as a weed of annual crops, plantations, village gardens, disturbed sites and secondary vegetation (Waterhouse and Mitchell, 1998; USDA-ARS, 2015). Madagascar . Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. ex Thell.. Protologue: Fl. Flowering starts after 4-8 weeks, showing a weak quantitative short-day reaction. In general, amaranth leaves are recommended as food with medicinal properties for young children, lactating mothers and for patients with fever, haemorrhage, anaemia, constipation or kidney complaints. Amaranthus spinosus, l'amarante épineuse, est une espèce de plantes dicotylédones de la famille des Amaranthaceae, présente dans les régions tropicales et subtropicales.. C'est une plante herbacée annuelle épineuse, qui préfère les sols nitrophiles.Cette espèce est une mauvaise herbe des cultures dans de nombreuses régions du monde. Amaranthus dubius. Reduit, Mauritius: Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute. 158 pp. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World … However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Alegbejo, J. O., 2013. It belongs to the economically important family Amaranthaceae. GBIF, 2014. 19 (1), 107-128. http://science.dec.wa.gov.au/nuytsia. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid. Amaranthaceae in Flora of North America. seeds during storage., International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics, 7(1):35-46 http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=ijpbg.2013.35.46&org=10, León F, Alain H, 1957. Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell. Palmer J, 2009. In: Flora of Ecuador, 28. A. dubius is recorded as invasive on Cousine Island, Seychelles, where it occupies plateau and high woodland areas (Dunlop et al., 2005). Martius CFPvon, 1814. Online Database. Thellung (1912) validly published the name. Sin material de COL Flora. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, 2008. A geographical atlas of world weeds., New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons. In A. hybridus and A. powellii the bracts are longer than or equal to the tepals (2-7 mm long) and the style branches are erect or slightly reflexed. grows easily in the Caribbean and is widely used throughout the region interchangeably with spinach (Spinacia oleracea L) as a leafy green. it is a human commensal), Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Negatively impacts cultural/traditional practices, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Difficult to identify/detect in the field. Chen ShihHuei, Wu MingJou, 2007. Content. This plant is native to South America, Mexico, and the West Indies, however; it is widely introduced throughout the world. 1912. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. View abstract. and some related taxa (A. cruentus L., A. hybridus L., and A. quitensis Kunth) of the section Amaranthus (all of which are included in the subgenus Amaranthus). Oriental & Unusual Amaranth Red Aztec,An improved Red Amaranth variety, with an intense red colour. In Taiwan, it is associated with weeds: Amaranthus spinosus, Bidens pilosa var. of coolest month > 18°C, > 1500mm precipitation annually, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Average temp. 667 pp.. Guézou A, Trueman M, Buddenhagen CE, Chamorro S, Mireya Guerrero A, Pozo P, Atkinson R, 2010. adv. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Leaf amaranth is a warm season crop adapted to hot humid climatic conditions. Flowering time is from May to September (summer to autumn in the tropics and various seasons in the subtropics). It has both green and red varieties, as well as some with mixed colors. Montpellier: 203 (1912). Adams CD, 1972. Goode, P.M. (1989) Edible Plants of Uganda. Mosyakin SL, Robertson KR, 1996. It has escaped from cultivation and now it is considered casual or naturalized mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Sánchez-del Pino I, Espadas C, Pool R, 2013. by Dassanayake MD, Fosberg FR]. It is a ruderal species, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats. There are no known economic impacts of A. dubius. In Benin it is usually cooked alone. Veena Srivastava, Mohinder Pal, Nair PKK, 1977. Adams C D, 1972. Accepted name Brède malbar Plantae ... Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > Description. PROTA 2: Vegetables/Légumes)., [ed. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach. In Africa A. dubius is locally naturalized. Pinto WC, Velásuez GO, 2010. Flora of Cuba. Seychelles . Reduit, Mauritius: Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute. Source and variability for nutritive aspects in amaranth (Amaranthus species). (Amaranthus dubius Mart. Vegetable seed production., In: Vegetable seed production. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Amaranthus dubius is a … adv. In backyards with repeated pickings, Amaranthus dubius plants may become perennial, up amarabthus 2 years old. Facts. Amaranthaceae Amaranthus australis Amaranthus blitum Amaranthus crassipes Amaranthus dubius Amaranthus hybridus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus viridis. Sida, 19(4):975-992. ex Thell. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Series Plant and Vegetation, 7. http://botany.si.edu/antilles/westindies/. [2] Etimología. Buy MABES WAREHOUSE Red Spinach 2000 Seeds - Amaranthus Dubius/Red Amaranth Asian Vegetables Healthy Plant, Medicinal Summer-Tolerant Green, Chinese Spinach Seeds for Planting: Vegetables - Amazon.com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases Amaranthus blitum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). 481. [6], For other leaf vegetables known as 'Chinese spinach', see. Srivasta V, Pal M, Nair PKK, 1977. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0010276 DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0010276. Sasirekha, N., Navaraj, P. S., 2015. Physiological and genetic integrity of amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) Wageningen, Netherlands: PROTA. Stem erect or usually ascending, 6-80 (sometimes up to 100) cm tall, glabrous to pubescent, pubescent especially upwards. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Utricles ovoid or subglobose, 1.5-2 mm, slightly shorter than tepals, smooth to irregularly wrinkled, dehiscence regularly circumscissile. Seed characteristics and germination properties., Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 35(3):201-207. In: Atoll Research Bulletin, 495 48-71. Taiwania, 52(1):59-69. http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/taiwania. Cytomorphological and phylogenetic studies of the genus Amaranthus from Nigeria. Madagascar . Elle possède une racine pivotante profonde. Smithsonian Institution, 2012. , In: In: Kallo G, Bergh BO, eds. Amaranthus cruentus A. hybridus A. spinosus A. caudatus A. thunbergii, which are all indigenous to the country Description of the plant Mature plant Amaranth species are erect or spreading annuals with a rough or prickly appearance. Effects of intercropping on fresh leaf yield of Amaranth (A. dubius) in Western Kenya., Acta Horticulturae:173-180 http://www.actahort.org, Okafo, C. N., Umoh, V. J., Galadima, M., 2003. CABI, Undated. It flowers from summer to fall in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in subtropical conditions. 1-57. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Acta Botanica Venezuelica, 33(2):329. http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0084-59062010000200009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=es. Curr. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. If you fit this description, you can use … https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2015. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Taiwanian aborigines (from the Hualien area) use leaves and stems of this species as a kind of pot herb (Chen et al., 2007). 315-323. Hill MJ, Vel TM, Holm KJ, Parr SJ, Shah NJ, 2002. Erlangae. xanthostachys, Amaranthus tristis, Amaranthus tristis var. Hymal. Amaranthus dubius Note for deep green leaves. Brown G, Mies B, 2012. In the case of Cuba, where this species is invasive, it appears in herbarium collections made as early as 1900 in Havana, Pinar del Rio, and Cienfuegos (US National Herbarium collections). It is also listed as invasive in Cuba and on several islands in the Pacific Ocean (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; PIER, 2014). This species is a prolific seed producer (Waterhouse and Mitchell, 1998). Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Natural interspecific hybridization between Amaranthus dubius and A. spinosus. Famille: Amaranthaceae Nombre de chromosomes: 2n = 64 J Integr Med. 1,240 sds/gram. Series Plant and Vegetation., 7 London, UK: Springer. It possibly originated as a result of ancient hybridization between A. spinosus L. and either A. hybridus or A. quitensis (Grant, 1959; Pal and Khoshoo, 1965; Sauer, 1967), though doubts were expressed and discussed in Grubben (2004).

amaranthus dubius description

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