"He went there to inquire of the Lord (1 Samuel 22:10), as he had done formerly (1 Samuel 5:15). David's reply here has an element of humor in it. The priests of Nob had every opportunity to weigh it. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. "This supports the historicity of the event of David's slaying Goliath,"[14] showing that Ahimelech already knew David as the giver who had brought that trophy of his victory to Nob. "These words are an idiom meaning, `To be allowed to dwell in one's city or country. David thought upon it afterward with regret. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). 14:3, and he being now dead, his successor in the priesthood, for they were both sons of Ahitub. During those years, the chief priests lost much of their authority and their wealth. Critical commentators waste much of their energies questioning the chronological arrangement of the various episodes from the life of David that are recorded in First Samuel, overlooking the important fact that the inspired author of this Biblical document does not claim that he has set down all of these incidents in the chronological order of their occurrence. It really troubled him, and didn’t make any sense at all. 1-samuel 21:2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded … As Willis explained, "The servants of Achish recognized David and assumed that he was king of Israel on the basis of that song sung by the women of Israel (1 Samuel 18:7). Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. ... 21:1 "Nob" This (BDB 611) became the site of YHWH's tabernacle after the destruction of Shiloh. Had he trusted God aright, he would not have used such a sorry, sinful shift for his own preservation. (1) Keil supposed that, "The error was due to a lapse of memory in which Ahimelech was confounded with Abiathar. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. David with his men did what was unlawful in taking and eating that bread (Matthew 12:3-4). 1 Samuel 21. 1 Samuel 21:13. Ahitub was a brother of Ichabod, making Ahimelech a great grandson of Eli. Here is where we learn that “Samuel was serving the LORD under Eli” (verse 1a; CEB), even though, quite unexpectedly, we hear just a few verses later that “Samuel … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-21" The International Critical Commentary interpretation here is that the words "from Saul" in this passage mean that, "He went directly to Achish from the presence of Saul. 1 At that time Jesus went on the Sabbath through the grainfields, and His disciples became hungry and began to pick the heads of grain and eat. Nob was but a village located a mile or two northeast of Jerusalem near Anathoth (Isaiah 10:32). (10-15). "If only the young men have kept themselves from women" (1 Samuel 21:5). It is also possible that the ark of the covenant had been brought to Nob from Kiriath-jearim by Saul in the early part of his reign. The more simply we depend on God, and obey him, the more comfortably and surely we shall walk through this troublesome world. Shall this fellow come into my house"?". Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. Then said Achish to his servants, "Lo, you see the man is mad; why then have you brought him to me? Psalm 56 describes David’s journey from fear to praising as a prisoner in Gath. David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. Verses 1-15 Chapter21 So David now fled to Nob to Ahimelech who was the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said to him, Why are you alone, why aren"t there men with you? "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". "[5] The great prophet of the Lord Samuel as well as the prince had proved powerless to protect David. We are not told here where David's men were who accompanied him to Nob. God's persecuted people have often found better usage from Philistines than from Israelites. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever is here." A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Introduction to 1 Samuel; 2. The Bible records it, but we dare not justify it. For I have brought neither my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste." Anointed! Ahimelech — The chief priest, brother to that Ahiah, chap. Ahimelech supposed they might eat the shew-bread. Was afraid— Suspecting some extraordinary cause o… "Commentary on 1 Samuel 21:4". A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of 1 Samuel taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. And the priest answered David, "I have no common bread at hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women." © 2020 Christianity.com. 1. Much of what David said here was an outright falsehood. ... 21 1 Then David came to v Nob, to w Ahimelech the priest. "Ahimelech was the son of Ahitub, either a brother of Ahijah, or Ahijah himself. Only God and the event can distinguish between a David and a Doeg, when both are in the tabernacle. But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “ Not until the child is weaned; then I will take him, that he may appear before the LORD and remain there forever.” "[9], "Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the Lord; he was Doeg the Edomite, the chief of Saul's herdsmen. The recognition of David by the Philistines, and their reference to him as "the king of the land" is not, as some critics declare, the result of some naive `editor' putting an inaccurate historical statement into the Bible. Keith Simons. "Detained before the Lord" (1 Samuel 21:7). It was holy from the fact of its being used in the tabernacle and only the priests were eligible to eat it. David intended to ask Achish for permission to dwell in Gath, probably having good reason to suppose that Achish would have honored his request. "Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest; and Ahimelech came to meet David trembling, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one with you"? David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. The Books of Samuel. Jesus Christ mentioned this event and also "the men that were with" David (Matthew 12:3-4). It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. 21 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? Now David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "No common bread ... but there is holy bread", "If only the young men have kept themselves from women", "How much more today will their vessels be holy", "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Eiah", "It is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod", "And David arose and fled that day from Saul", "Is not this David the king of the land? The Son and the Psalm of Hannah (1 Samuel 1:1-2:10) 3. 1 SAMUEL 21 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE INTRODUCTION Deffinbaugh wrote, “Saul made numerous attempts on David’s life. DAVID'S IMMEDIATE FLIGHT TO ACHISH; KING OF GATH. . Doeg set his foot as far within the tabernacle as David did. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-samuel-21.html. This is a reference to the Showbread, or the bread of the Presence as prescribed in the Mosaic Law (Exodus 24:5-9). Anointed and Alone 1 Samuel 21:1-13/ Psalms 56:1-13 The Bible never flatters its heroes. fled . Eli the priest led him. 1 Samuel 21 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. What shall we say to this? "It is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod" (1 Samuel 21:9). Apparently, although 1 Samuel 21 doesn’t detail it, the Philistines captured David when he came to Gath. The only scrap of truth in what he said regarded the fact that he seems to have had a number of men with him; and even that is not evident from this account. David probably hoped that he could dwell incognito among the Philistines; but the king's servants instantly recognized him. All Rights Reserved. How great danger he was in, appears plainly from the 34th and 56th Psalms, which he composed upon this occasion. (1) He would be the chief actor in the destruction of the entire company of the priests at Nob; and (2) David's recognition of him meant that David was required to get out of Nob as rapidly as possible. So he changed his behavior before them, and feigned himself mad in their hand, and made marks on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle run down his beard. They merely refer to David's continued flight from Saul. That David fled at once from Nob was no doubt due to the presence there of Doeg. The bread was a featured provision of the tabernacle and was replaced each week with hot bread. Bible commentary on the Book of 1 Samuel, chapter 21, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. David kind of figured this would be a problem down the road. David had great faith and courage, yet both failed him; he fell thus foully through fear and cowardice, and owing to the weakness of his faith. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. 1 Samuel Chapter 21 Summary Things seemed okay until one little problem popped up on the screen. give [me] five [loaves of] bread in mine hand, or what … Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Saul Tries to Kill David. Recorded at the Bible Lessons International studio. If many come in simplicity of heart to serve their God, others come to observe their teachers and to prove accusers. "[13] It could be that the enforcement upon Doeg of some disciplinary action resulted in the hatred that must have entered into his heartless slaughter of that whole priestly community. "Shall this fellow come into my house" (1 Samuel 21:15). This is a disputed text, but David may have meant here that, "Even if the bread were common bread, it would become consecrated by the consecrated vessel in which he proposed to carry it. The High Priest here agreed to bend the rules in order to aid the king's son-in-law. (Psalm 73:16-17). All other rights reserved. Mark 2:26 speaks of Abiathar as the officiating priest in this episode; and two explanations are offered. Some were concealed, such as offering David one of his daughters in marriage (which required David to act valiantly in war to prove his worthiness as a husband – 18:17-29). We little know with what hearts people come to the house of God, nor what use they will make of pretended devotion. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. "It is not impossible that Doeg was detained in the sanctuary for some crime. Did they not sing to one another of him in dances, And David took these words to heart, and was much afraid of Achish the king of Gath. None of the critical scholars whose works we have studied has been able to propose any better arrangement of the text than that which has come down to us; and some of the attempted rearrangements of the various episodes are not only unconvincing, but sometimes even ridiculous. We can choose for ourselves; but we may well tremble at the consequences. . Matthew Henry commented on the reason why David elected to go to Nob. We must choose God's best or our own way. David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. The story of Samuel’s call is full of important details that are pregnant with meaning, right from the opening verses which set the stage (verses 1-3). [You know David was a captain over a thousand men, "Where"s your-where are your troops?"] And herein he showed great sagacity and penetration. Such is a worthless rearrangement. (1-9) David at Gath feigns himself mad. And that man was wont to go up from his city from appointed time to appointed time, to prostrate … And David said to Ahimelech, "And have you here a spear or a sword at hand? David had reason to put confidence in Achish, yet he began to be afraid. A. David meets Ahimelech the priest at Nob. "Doeg the Edomite" (1 Samuel 21:7). Ahimelech, the chief priest 1 Samuel 21:1. View 1 Samuel . It is hard to find a single mistake that Samuel made. The Son of David taught from it, that mercy is to be preferred to sacrifice; that ritual observances must give way to moral duties. One of Saul’s servants was there, and he was an Edomite, a chief herdsman of Saul. This evil character is mentioned here for two reasons. David said, 'There is none like it; give it to me.'" (Read 1 Samuel 21:1-9) David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. "Now therefore what is under thine hand? AT GATH HE FEIGNS HIMSELF MAD. The superscriptions of Psalms 34; Psalms 52; and Psalms 56 are founded upon events in this chapter. 1 Samuel 21-22 lesson by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Bible interpretation). 1 Samuel 21:10-15. 1 Samuel 21 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . David with Ahimelech. David thought he could find anonymity or sympathy among the ungodly Philistines in Gath, but he was wrong. Hannah, from Ephraimite country, is a childless wife, thereby making her one of the more excluded figures of ancient Israel. She went to the temple at Shiloh to pray for God’s help. And David answered the priest, "Of a truth, women have been kept from us as always when I go on an expedition; the vessels of the young men are holy, even when it is a common journey; how much more today will their vessels be holy"? Subscribe to a study package to unlock the ESV Study Bible, the interactive Knowing the Bible study series, the Preaching the Word commentary series, and more. 1 Samuel Images and Notes. Those could have been let down by Michal as easily as she let down David outside the city wall. "How much more today will their vessels be holy" (1 Samuel 21:5). For example, the International Critical Commentary rejects the arrangement in this chapter, affirming that, "David had ample time to furnish himself for flight, after Jonathan bade him farewell,"[2] supposing that this journey of David to Nob must have happened that night when Michal let him down through the window. Samuel, Saul and David. Nob— A city of priests, where the tabernacle now was. Make haste; stay not." First Samuel begins with an account of Hannah, the wife of Elkanah. We appreciate the words of Keil regarding this chapter to the effect that, "It removes the objections raised by critics to the historical credibility of the narrative before US. Perhaps he had made an appointment to meet them at some particular place as soon as he tested his chances of operating in Gath. "[7] (2) Young writes that, "It is possible that Ahimelech's son Abiathar might have acted as coadjutor to his father as did the sons of Eli (1 Samuel 4:4). The two episodes recorded in this chapter are quite logically arranged exactly where they occur in our text. The monarchy of Israel begins with a narrative of despair and humility. 1 Samuel 8:19 - Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; 1 Samuel 8:20 - That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. 10. I Samuel 21-24 Listen So, sometimes you act a little extreme to stay alive (I Samuel 21) 1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? I have made an appointment with the young men for such and such a place. "[18], "So he changed his behavior ... and feigned madness" (1 Samuel 21:13). David thought he could find anonymity or sympathy among the ungodly Philistines in Gath, but he was wrong. (1 Samuel 21:11). (21-23) Hannah keeps the child until he is weaned. Sign up for an account to try it FREE for 30 days. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. Bennett has a word of wisdom on this subject. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 21:1-9 David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. Ahimelech insisted on this regulation being observed, but ignored the one about only priests being able to eat that bread."[6]. And David said to Ahimelech the priest, "The king has charged me with a matter, and said to me, `Let no one know anything of the matter about which I send you, and with which I have charged you. He feigned himself mad — That he might escape out of their hands. 1 Samuel 22 Chapter 21 David has now quite taken leave both of Saul’s court and of his camp, has bidden farewell to his alter idem—his other self, the beloved Jonathan; and henceforward to the end of this book he is looked upon and treated as an outlaw and proclaimed a traitor. 1 Samuel 21:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Samuel 21:9, NIV: "The priest replied, 'The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the Valley of Elah, is here; it is wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod.If you want it, take it; there is no sword here but that one.' (1Sa 21:1-2) David, fleeing from Saul, comes to the city of Nob. "David came to Nob to Ahimelech" (1 Samuel 21:1). However, the soldiers of Achish recognized David, arrested him and would most certainly have opposed any inclination of Achish to grant political asylum to David. "[17], "Is not this David the king of the land?" "[12] "Ephrem Syrus thought that Doeg had committed some trespass, and was detained till he offered the appointed sacrifice. This severely frightened David, and he immediately began feigning madness. '"[20] This clarifies the whole episode. The *Lord calls Samuel. "No common bread ... but there is holy bread" (1 Samuel 21:4). Do I lack madmen, that you have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence? David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. God revisited Shiloh! To whom else could he have gone, except to the Lord? 1983-1999. Doeg was an Edomite, and the descendants of Esau were a continual thorn in Israel's flesh. The Scripture does not conceal it, and we dare not justify it; it was ill done, and proved of bad consequence; for it occasioned the death of the priests of the Lord. Here is David, anointed to be king; destined to rule over great lands and wealth, but living in caves on the run begging for food and fearing for his life. 1-samuel 21:1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? His conduct was degrading, and discovered wavering in his faith and courage. David asked of Ahimelech bread and a sword. 2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to Him, “Behold, Your disciples do what is not lawful to do on a Sabbath.” 3 But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did, when he became hungry, he and his companions; 4 how he entered the … Cancel any time. And David said, "There is none like that; give it to me.". Now therefore what is under thine hand? David with Ahimelech. He said (if we may paraphrase), "Well, not exactly; the women have been kept from the young men"! Speaking of Jesus, the writer of Hebrews says that "He had to be made like His brethren in all thin… "Exodus 19:15 declares that one prerequisite for approaching holy things is to keep oneself from sexual intercourse. And Ahimelech was afraid when he met David, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one is with you?" David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. "[11] Payne thought that, "Doeg was unclean that day, and waiting to perform some religious obligation the next day. That this is a true chronological arrangement is certainly as likely as anything that 19th century or 20th century critical scholars have concocted in place of it. 1. "The Lord continued to appear at Shiloh" (1 Samuel 3:21). This, of course gave him the opportunity to escape and keep the rendezvous with his men. David . Now then, what have you at hand? Hither David resorted, for a supply of his necessities, which he supposed he might receive here, without danger of being betrayed into Saul's hands: and principally, that in this great distress, he might receive comfort and counsel from the Lord. In this place his person must have been known, and to venture into that country, he their greatest enemy, and with the sword of Goliath in his hand, would seem to have been a perilous experiment; but, doubtless, the protection he received … . Doeg would certainly have notified Saul of David's presence there. 1 samuel 21 commentary 1. (1 Samuel 20:38). He says, “When I thought how to understand this, it was too painful for me; until I went into the sanctuary of God; then I understood their end. In those days, as at the present time, "Easterners have a religious awe of madness and would not think of injuring those so afflicted."[19]. "He went to Achish the king of Gath" (1 Samuel 21:11). Now the man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to the LORD the yearly sacrifice and his vow. This reminds us of what happened once in a big tent revival. Eighty-five priests lived at Nob, serving the tabernacle which had been set up there following the Philistine's destruction of Shiloh. Besides that, Jonathan had specifically warned David in the preceding chapter, "Hurry! It is written, not for us to do the like, no, not in the greatest straits, but for our warning. God always gives us the best we will take, for his mercy endureth forever. So the priest gave him the holy bread; for there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, which is removed from before the Lord, to be replaced by hot bread on the day it is taken away.". Unlike today, when the average child costs about $227,000 to raise, in a … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10" Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. But alone. "[15] This fact also supports the figures given in the Bible for the weight of Goliath's armour, figures which were dismissed by one `scholar' as `pure guesswork.' "[16] To which it must be replied that these words mean no such thing. It was a short distance north of Jerusalem. "[10] The usual explanation of this, however, is that of Porter, "It is generally assumed that Doeg was detained in the sanctuary under some priestly discipline. We are free human agents. "And David arose and fled that day from Saul" (1 Samuel 21:10). give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there … Cook wrote that, "The words here rendered `a cloth' actually refer to Goliath's military cloak, which was part of the dedicated trophy. When his life stood in jeopardy, David went (1) first to Samuel; (2) then to his beloved Jonathan the prince; when neither of these could provide safety for him, what could have been more logical than (3) his going to see the High Priest in the tabernacle of the Lord at Nob. One of the town's leading sinners (then getting somewhat advanced in years) went up to be saved; and one of his neighbors said, "Jackson, you ain't quit your sins; your sins have quit you"! ", "So he changed his behavior ... and feigned madness", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures.

1 samuel 21 commentary

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