This has led some authorities to suggest that the original cradle of angiosperm evolution might lie in Gondwanaland, a supercontinent of the Southern Hemisphere thought to have existed in the Mesozoic Era (252 to 66 million years ago) and consisted of Africa, South America, Australia, peninsular India, and Antarctica. Scientists estimate that about 15% of the world’s freshwater flows from the Amazon Basin to be exact. Fact 25: Rainforests are continually being destroyed by multinational logging companies, landowners and state governments to make way for new colonies, industrial units. As the rainforest species disappear, so do many possible cures for life-threatening diseases. Tropical rainforests supplied a rich variety of food and other resources to indigenous peoples, who, for the most part, exploited this bounty without degrading the vegetation or reducing its range to any significant degree. Most of the smaller, more delicate plants that are so widespread in the world today evolved later, ultimately from tropical rainforest ancestors. (And What to Do With Old Junk Mail), Can You Recycle Lighters? There are hundreds of other interesting facts out there about rainforests that may surprise you as well. The Amazon covers almost 40% of South America. Lowland tropical rainforest refers to the majority of tropical rainforest, that is, forest which grows on flat lands at elevations generally less than 3,300 feet (1,000 m)—although elevation may vary. In 2017 alone, we lost 15.8 million hectares of tropical forests; all told, humans have destroyed nearly half of the world’s original forest cover. In the middle latitudes of both hemispheres, belts of atmospheric high pressure developed. Tropical forests and deforestation in the early 21st century. These various plants and animals provide food and nutrients, and have, for thousands of years, been used as medical plants to improve health conditions. They not only retain many primitive plant and animal species but also are communities that exhibit unparalleled biodiversity and a great variety of ecological interactions. Fact 9: Rainforests are so rich in biodiversity that about 1/4 of natural medicines have been discovered in rainforests. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. About 25% of the active ingredients in our modern medicines come from rainforest plants. After all, it really just takes everyone doing their part. The following are 35 realities on Tropical Rainforest: 1. The droppings of birds in the tropical rainforest grow into new plants. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. Fact 10: Within four square miles of tropical rainforest, you will find 1500 flowering plant species, 750 types of trees, and many of these plants can help combat cancer. Fact 26: Trees in tropical rainforests are so dense that it takes approximately 10 minutes for the rainfall to reach the ground from the canopy. About; Contact . This type of habitat is very different in comparison to many of the other habitats that you are used to being around. Tropical rainforests receive around 100 inches (254 centimeters) of rainfall yearly, and contain tall broad-leaved evergreen trees that form a continuous canopy. A 2017 study published in the journal Science reveals that tropical forests that once served as the Earth’s most massive carbon sinks now release more carbon than they absorb, triggered by deforestation caused by humans. This is because cooler temperatures led to a reduction in the rate of evaporation of water from, in particular, the surface of the oceans, which led in turn to less cloud formation and less precipitation. However, many of these species are on the brink of extinction, and their existence is crucial to maintaining the balance of rainforest ecosystems. There are over 2,500 different vine species in the tropical rainforest. Seventy percent of the plants in the rainforest are trees. Fact 27: About 80% of the flowers found in Australian rainforests are not found anywhere in the world. A biome is an area with very distinctive plants and animals that have adapted to life in that particular environment. Fact 29: Insects make up the majority of living creatures in the tropical rainforest. (And How to Keep Them Away), Do Deer Eat Peonies? True rainforests are typically found between 10 degrees north and south of the equator (see map); they are a sub-set of the tropical forest biome that occurs roughly within the 28-degree latitudes (in the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn (And Ways to Reuse Old Lighters), World’s 10 Most Threatened Biodiversity Hotspots, Can You Recycle a Mattress? Fact 13: The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world. Some pine trees in Tasmania’s temperate rainforests can live for 2,000 years! Grab an umbrella and some bug spray because we're about to forage for 25 abundant facts about THE AMAZON RAINFOREST! Fact 1: Rainforests only cover around 2 percent the total surface area of the Earth and about 6% of the Earth‘s land surface, but about 50 percent of all known species of the plants and animals on the earth live in the rainforest. Fact 11: 70% or more of the plants that are used to treat cancer are found only in the tropical rainforests on the planet. In the rainforest, trees grow to gigantic size, supported by strong, strut-like buttresses at the base of the trunk that help to stabilize them in shallow forest soils. Rainforests are home to half of all the living animal and plant species on the planet. Species have adapted to the conditions of the rainforest, eg trees and plants have shallow-reaching roots to absorb nutrients from the thin fertile layer in the soil. The Tropical Rainforest Rainforest Series, Part 1 - by Mikki Sadil Tropical rainforests are among the most mysterious of all geographical biomes in the world. Fact 43: There is a surprising variety of animals. Fact 39: In the moist rainforests of South and Central America, sloths move so slowly that algae are able to grow in their fur and also carry beetles and cockroaches in its fur! As tropical rainforests are one of the oldest biomes on Earth, they have a great variety of animals living there. Fact 17: If the rainforests continue to decline in the way that they have been, then about 5-10 percent of their species will go extinct every ten years. Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. Within those regions rainforests were limited further to coastal and hilly areas where abundant rain still fell at all seasons. The rainforests are divided in two types. In Central American rainforests, rival strawberry poison dart frogs might wrestle for up to 20 minutes! A walk through a tropical rainforest in Tamborine National Park, Queensland, Australia, with a stop at Curtis Falls. Tropical rainforest, also spelled tropical rain forest, luxuriant forest found in wet tropical uplands and lowlands around the Equator. If we lose the rainforest, we eliminate the possibility of discovering new types of cancer treatments. We have yet to identify all of the medicinal benefits that the plants of the tropical rainforest have to offer. It isn’t just the oxygen that helps us breathe that we need from the rainforests. By examining the climate and characteristics of these regions, we gain a better understanding of their importance to the rest of the world and maybe we will put an end to these problems. It is no surprise, therefore, to find the greatest diversity of flowering plants today in the tropical rainforests where they first evolved. Regrettably, tropical rainforests and tropical deciduous forests are now being destroyed at a rapid rate in order to provide resources such as timber and to create land that can be used for other purposes, such as cattle grazing (see deforestation). Fact 20: There are a lot of different types of animals that can be found in the rainforest. Climates fluctuated throughout this time, forcing vegetation in all parts of the world to repeatedly migrate, by seed dispersal, to reach areas of suitable climate. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. Monkeys shout and chatter as they swing from tree to tree looking for breakfast. This section provides information about tropical rainforests in a format suitable for children as well as rainforest materials for educators. A tree known as the idiot fruit grows in Australia‘s Daintree rainforest. The first angiosperms are thought to have been massive, woody plants appropriate for a rainforest habitat. Fact 31: A slice of the rainforest, approximately equivalent to the size of rainforest destroyed each second, which is equivalent to 86,400 football fields of rainforest each day, which is equal to 31 million football fields of rainforest each year. Tropical rainforests grow mainly in three regions: the Malesian botanical subkingdom, which extends from Myanmar (Burma) to Fiji and includes the whole of Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu and parts of Indochina and tropical Australia; tropical South and Central America, especially the Amazon basin; and West and Central Africa (see biogeographic region). Contrary to common thinking, not all tropical rainforests occur in places with high, constant rainfall; for example, in the so-called “dry rainforests” of northeastern Australia, the climate is punctuated by a dry season, which reduces the annual precipitation. Tropical rainforests produce 40% of Earth's oxygen. Cloud forests can be at more than 10,500 feet above sea level. Fact 32: Variety of animals including snakes, frogs, birds, insects, cougars, chameleons, turtles, Bengal tigers, mountain gorillas, orangutans, jaguars and many more magnificent animals are found in tropical rainforests. The rainfall gets at least 250cm and can reach up to 400-450 inches in one year. Each one is perfect for survival in the moist Jungle. The tropical rainforests are the ones that are most commonly found around the world. The tropical rainforest is a biome with a constant temperature and a high rainfall. Scientists have counted about 100 to 300 species in one 2 1/2-acre (1-hectare) area in South America. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 … More than 2,000 different species of butterflies are found in the rainforests of South America. A mature lowland tropical forest consists of several layers. Fact 42: The variety of plants in rainforests is amazing. The tropical rainforest is very rainy, as its name implies. Of particular interest is the fact that the majority of flowering plants displaying the most primitive characteristics are found in rainforests (especially tropical rainforests) in parts of the Southern Hemisphere, particularly South America, northern Australia and adjacent regions of Southeast Asia, and some larger South Pacific islands. Tropical rainforests cover only 2 percent of the Earth’s surface, but they have an outsize impact on providing habitat, storing carbon and regulating the flow of water. Sidebar: Status of the World’s Tropical Forests. Fact 23: The average temperature of the tropical rainforest remains between 70 and 85° F. Fact 24: Timber, coffee, cocoa and many medicinal products are few of the products produced by rainforests, including those used in the treatment of cancer.